Terms was basically: suicide And you will faith, deliberate self-damage And religion, committing suicide And you will spirituality, deliberate thinking-harm And spirituality

2023年08月26日/ 浏览 22

Terms was basically: suicide And you will faith, deliberate self-damage And religion, committing suicide And you will spirituality, deliberate thinking-harm And spirituality

Pubmed try seemed (). The newest browse try restricted to content blogged within the last 10 years, and you may written in English. 405 articles was basically recovered, 89 posts was indeed reviewed, 316 stuff was excluded having grounds described here.

Spiritual association and self-destructive ideation

Two studies in the us strongly recommend persons with a spiritual affiliation have less suicidal ideation than just unaffiliated people. Dervic et al. interviewed 371 disheartened inpatients in the united states, and found one to unaffiliated individuals got higher results into Size off Suicidal Ideation (suggest sixteen.0, n=61) compared to the religiously associated people (indicate several.nine, n=305, bivariate p=0.04). (Dervic, Oquendo et al. 2004) Furthermore, Spencer mais aussi al. interviewed 700 people which have cutting-edge cancer tumors in america, and discovered one suicidal ideation are usual one of unaffiliated people (ten out of 34, 30.4%) than just religiously affiliated persons (51 away from 661, seven.7%).(Spencer, Beam et al. 2012) ( Desk 2 )

Table 2:

On the other hand Zhang, Conwell et al. (2004) opposed 66 completed suicides (psychological autopsy) with 66 matched controls and found no high relationship ranging from association and you may committing suicide.

However, religious associations do not all supply the exact same defense up against self-destructive ideation. In the a large study of United states Heavens Force staff (n=52,780), costs from suicidal ideation were more than average among low-Christian religions. (Snarr, Heyman ainsi que al. 2010) From inside the Malaysia (n=20,552), suicidal ideation costs was large certainly one of Hindus than simply Christians (Maniam, Chinna mais aussi al. 2013), and in Taiwan (n=4,000) rates out of self-destructive ideation was in fact high certainly one of Christians than Buddhists. (Fang, Lu mais aussi al. 2011) ( Table step 3 )

Table 3:

NB: In the Uganda (100 cases of deliberate self-harm, three hundred regulation) there’s zero high association ranging from religious association and you can deliberate worry about-damage. (Kinyanda, Hjelmeland ainsi que al. 2004)

This research don’t conclusively answer comprehensively the question from whether religious affiliation is actually defensive up against self-destructive ideation. Pooling all the spiritual associations can get cover-up essential differences when considering certain associations. For every inhabitants learned was on the specific limited generalizability (age.grams. complex cancer patients, Us Sky Force team, Malaysian people). The studies and don’t be the cause of if or not a particular religious association is many otherwise minority group, an important varying once the those who are off fraction organizations may suffer reduced supported and much more separated off traditional society. A great many other research has non-tall findings (c.f. Tables step one – 2 ). Full, the info don’t support a simple completion one spiritual affiliation handles against suicidal ideation.

Religious affiliation and committing suicide attempts

Numerous studies have recommended religious association protects up against committing suicide effort. Within the a beneficial United states attempt Dervic et al. (n=2 hundred disheartened bipolar customers) discovered that committing suicide efforts was basically more widespread certainly clients without religious affiliation (complete n=51, 80.4% got a committing suicide attempt) compared to the associated people (total n=641, 63.1% had a committing suicide test, bivariate p=.023). Furthermore non-connected customers got even more suicide efforts an average of (dos.3) than vruД‡e i seksi otoДЌki Еѕene simply associated patients (step one.six, bivariate p=.034). The partnership anywhere between religious affiliation and committing suicide test, not, wasn’t tall shortly after changing for Ethical and you may Religious Arguments to help you Suicide. (Dervic, Carballo ainsi que al. 2011) come across as well as (Dervic, Oquendo ainsi que al. 2006) and (Dervic, Oquendo mais aussi al. 2004)

Equivalent performance was indeed found in Europe. Kralovec mais aussi al. surveyed Austrian lesbian, gay, otherwise bisexual grownups (n=219 had a religious association, n=139 didn’t) plus heterosexual matched up regulation (n=215 had a religious affiliation, n=52 failed to). People with a religious affiliation claimed fewer suicide attempts than others no spiritual affiliation; both in the complete decide to try (6% versus 15%, Or dos.ninety-five, CI step one.65–5.18) and also in the fresh lesbian, homosexual, otherwise bisexual class (11% in place of 20%, Or 1.95, CI step 1.07–3.58). (Kralovec, Fartacek ainsi que al. 2012) Carli ainsi que al. assessed 2,631 suicide effort in European countries and found you to definitely professing zero faith increased the possibility of that have a significant suicide test (obvious intentionality, high case-fatality approach, or severe injury), in lieu of a non-significant committing suicide shot (B=.331, p Desk step 3 ). Also within an individual affiliation, thinking and methods may differ generally. Including, the Jewish community includes secular, Change, Conservative, and Orthodox groups. Also some body may not embrace all their religion’s theories, yet , will still be associated with you to definitely religion (age.g. many Catholics use contraceptives). The latest variable and additionally does not make up the latest public framework in the and therefore one professes a specific religious association, and you may whether or not the local area or government are positively disposed or hostile to this spiritual class. If you’re faith is apparently pertaining to suicide exposure, effortless association details might not take the very first variations.

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